Under the North Carolina Constitution, after every decennial census, the N.C. General Assembly draws districts from which representatives and senators are elected. This process is known as redistricting. Members of the United States House of Representatives, the North Carolina Senate and the North Carolina House of Representatives are elected by district. Some local officials are also elected by district.
Redistricting maintains equal representation of every district by accounting for population shifts during the previous decade.
For more information on redistricting in North Carolina, see the General Assembly’s redistricting page. It includes current and historical information about the congressional and state legislative maps used for the past 30 years in North Carolina. It also includes maps, shapefiles, statistics and other information about the districts.
Important Note for 2020-21: The U.S. Census Bureau delayed its field operations due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and asked Congress for authority to delay the release of census data by 120 days. This would delay the release of data used by North Carolina for redistricting legislative and congressional seats and local offices elected by district. This would compress the timeline for redistricting. If changes are needed to the districts of municipal offices elected by district, and the census data is not released in time, elections for these offices scheduled to take place in the fall of 2021 could be postponed until 2022. See N.C.G.S. § 160A-23.1(d).
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